Unicef released on Thursday the report “Children, HIV and AIDS: The world in 2030” , which warns that about 360,000 adolescents will die of AIDS or a related disease from 2018 to 2030. Although it highlights that there is remarkable progress In the last ten years among children from 0 to 9 years, clarifies that adolescents have been left behind in prevention efforts.
The number of new infections in population from 0 to 19 years, based on projections and current trends, is estimated at 270,000 by 2030. As for deaths from AIDS or related diseases, will also fall from the current 119,000 to 56,000 in 2030, the year set by the UN to eradicate the disease. But, adding up those accumulated deaths, the data show that almost 80 adolescents will die every day until that year.
Currently, three million children and adolescents are living with HIV in the world. More than half are in southern and eastern Africa. In this report, the organization explained that if there is no progress in research, prevention and treatment will continue to increase the mortality rate of adolescents because of this disease.
It recommends increasing the tests to diagnose children with this virus but who do not know their serological condition in addition to implementing more diagnostic technologies or a community approach to reach adolescents.
Last year 430,000 children and adolescents were infected with this virus and 130,000 children and adolescents died from causes related to this virus. To keep cases from increasing, Unicef points out that there are two major flaws in the response of the disease in children: the slow progress in prevention and the failure to face the driver of the epidemic.
Henrietta Fore, executive director of Unicef, explained that “the report makes it clear that the world is wrong when it comes to ending AIDS in children and adolescents by 2030, Programs to treat the virus and prevent its spread between other children are far from what they should be, we can not win the battle against HIV if we do not accelerate progress in preventing transmission to the next generation. ”
Unicef, in the report, points out that 2.0 million new infections could be avoided between 2018 and 2030 if the global targets are met. And, according to the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations, by 2030 the number of new infections in children during its first decade of life should be reduced by half, and by 29% among the population of 10 to 19 years.